The Controversy of Banned Books

Staff Writer, Chris Bennett

For the past 25 years, the United States has exhibited an event known as Banned Book Week. Often held the last week of September, this event calls attention to the banning and challenging of books, books facing these circumstances, and helps raise awareness of the freedom to read. The event was started in 1982, following a spike in the challenging of various works of literature, and was founded in an attempt to stop the banning of books. So what does it mean to ban a book? And how is it different from challenging a book?

Banned books are novels which have been removed from a place for one or multiple reasons. The severity of a ban can range from the novel in question being banned from one school or library, to being banned completely in a state, or even nationwide. A challenged book is one that has not been banned, but has been labeled as offensive by a person or group and thus faces the threat of becoming banned. If a novel is or has been frequently challenged, or challenged in excess, the book may eventually be banned.

Why are certain books challenged and banned?

In many cases, banned and challenged books contain inappropriate content, discuss a controversial topic, or are highly offensive to a certain ethnicity, religion, or political group. In recent years, the most challenged books have been ones deemed “sexually explicit” or “racist”, books with excessive profanity, and books viewed as inappropriate for their target audience. For example, children’s books depicting homosexuality and/or transgenderism have recently come under fire, as it has been argued these issues are too advanced for the mind of a young child to grasp.

There are several opinions on the subject of banning controversial material, with different arguments for each. Several people interviewed, and presumably a majority of the population, argue against the censorship of books, claiming that censoring material of any kind is a violation of the First amendment right to free speech (especially for the author), and causes people to become ignorant of certain opinions and ideas. Presumably, others argue that schools, libraries, and governments should have the right to ban books, arguing that some material is just too extreme or inappropriate for the public to be exposed to, and can be harmful to society. A majority interviewed, and likely a high percentage of the general public, have an opinion somewhere in the middle, arguing that while most books shouldn’t be banned, there are several notable exceptions when it becomes necessary to censor material. An example of a middle opinion is that of sophomore Amani Abumais, who commented “I think banning books is wrong. The authors have the right of free expression. But if an author has bad intentions for a book, or is using it to promote hate towards a certain group, it should be banned.

What are the pros and cons of banning books?

While the censorship of specific literature has little benefit, there are a few prominent positives. The biggest positive of being able to ban questionable or offense books is that doing so can prevent children from discovering more adult issues before they are ready to handle and understand them. This pro-book banning argument was put into terms by freshman Liam Holder, who commented “Banning books shields kids from the the horror of reality.” Banning books that are racist or insulting can be a good thing too, as it can prevent the groups targeted from becoming offended, and helps keep community relations strong.

However, these few benefits are greatly outweighed by the many negative consequences this practice presents. The biggest con is that banning books, in many instances, is a direct violation of the First Amendment right to free speech and expression, and is the very definition of censorship. This especially impacts the authors of these books, as their stories and opinions can no longer be heard, and they can no longer profit from the particular book or books banned. Even worse, the author’s whole reputation, or even career, can be tarnished if one of their works is banned, as this causes people to view the author unfavorably. Also, the censoring of books also often means the loss of history and ideas. As Sophomore, Luke Thomasson, commented, “If people censor books, they risk forgetting history; or repeating it.” Many people also argue that if someone is offended by a book, they should just leave it on the shelf and not try to have it banned for everyone else. Teacher, Justin Ingram, summarized the argument stating, “Once you start to censor things, you have to draw the lines, which is confusing and difficult. If you’re offended by a book, just don’t read it.”

While the efforts of librarians, teachers, and students have prevented the banning of many books, hundreds of challenges are still issued every year by various groups against several novels, with 10% of all books challenged eventually becoming banned. Some books even face the possibility of becoming banned nearly every year, as they are challenged dozens, or even hundreds of times. Worst of all, it is no longer just controversial material being banned and challenged. Some of the greatest books and book series in literary history now face the threat of being banned, or experiencing a much greater ban. Books like Harry Potter, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and even the Holy Bible have come under fire in recent years. Even the series Captain Underpants has become targeted, being the most challenged book in both 2012 and 2013, and receiving even more challenges than books with profanity and sexual content like Fifty Shades of Grey.

What should be done about book banning and challenging?

Those interviewed suggested petitioning governments and other organizations to prevent the banning of books, or creating something that will cause people to reconsider their choice. The American Library Association (ALA) website also has a page where those wanting to “stand for the banned,” where people can submit videos of themselves talking about the issues of censorship, or arguing for the unbanning of specific books. If people want to stop book banning they have to take action. In order to prevent the silence of censorship, people will have to speak out.

Works Cited and Further Reading:

(1996). Banned Books. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks

Berry, S. (August 24, 2017) Parents Frightened: Kindergarteners ‘Crying, Shaking’ Over Transgender Book Teacher Read. Retrieved from http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2017/08/24/parents-frightened-kindergartners-crying-shaking-transgender-book-teacher-read/

Brady, A. (September 22, 2016) The History (and Present) of Banning Books in America. Retrieved from http://lithub.com/the-history-and-present-of-banning-books-in-america/

Banned Books That Shaped America. Retrieved from http://www.bannedbooksweek.org/censorship/bannedbooksthatshapedamerica

(2013) Bannings and Burnings in History. http://www.freedomtoread.ca/links-and-resources/bannings-and-burnings-in-history/#.WdA8oEuGPrf

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Bull City Lights, Shine On

Staff Writer, Jules Woodward

Starting way back in the fall of 2010, Voyager Academy High School was born, and with it a chorus that would continue to amaze audiences now. Every year, they travel to different places and compete against other high schools. To compete, they have to start practices early in August. They began practice two days before school even started, to learn the choreography for their opener and closer for their competitions that would begin in the spring.

At the end of every school year, Ms. Deans and Mrs. Hobgood hold auditions for the placement classes for the upcoming year. Not only do they decide who gets into Bull City Lights, they also assemble classes to have a good balance of singing sections. The sections typically range from Soprano, Second Soprano, Alto, Tenor, and Baritone/Bass. Soprano’s have the highest pitch out of the choral group. Alto’s tend to represent the females with a lower range and males are usually placed on the lower register of the scale.

Each day, they start with warm ups for their voice, just as someone would stretch before a marathon, people wouldn’t start singing without warming up. They then go through the solfege scale. The solfege is a singing exercise and can be used to practice sight reading vocal music. The solfege scale goes through an octave, and it goes like this: Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do. Every other Monday, they practice from two to five with choreography, not only that, but Friday and Saturday they have choreography offsite from nine to four.

What is all this for? Competitions; the choral group competes in Florida in March for Nationals and the go to Virginia in March. Not only do they compete outside of school, but they also have both a Spring Choral Show and a Fall Choral Show.

Leigha Hofmann, a Freshman, decided to audition for chorus because her older brothers have participated in chorus, and Leigha was an audience member of the past competitions. She told The Viking Tide, “it looked really fun, and chorus was able to bring a group of people together.”As this is her first year, she is likely to take chorus for all four years of high school. Everyone in chorus was completely open to having freshmen in their class, even the upperclassman, who naturally tend to bend away from freshmen.

Abel Holleman, a Sophomore, was telling The Viking Tide about why he decided to audition for chorus; he said that the chorus group has the opportunity to go on some “pretty awesome trips”, as well as the fact that he enjoyed singing and dancing. He plans on taking chorus all four years of high school. This year has differed from last year, in the sense that they have harder songs, and both different and harder choreography. If students want to participate in the competitions, Abel recommends putting away a thousand dollars each year. Not to worry, there are tons of fundraisers to help decrease the cost.

Chloe Dixon, a Senior, told me about how she has taken chorus all four years of high school and she really recommends taking chorus for everyone. Chorus brings individuals of all grade levels together. Chorus also brings a family relationship for everyone, in the halls of Voyager Academy, they always say “hey” and talk to one another. She also loves to perform and she has also performed in the school spring musical for the last two years. Even though the weekend practices are a hassle, it’s always worth it when it comes to be competition weekend.

Overall, many of the student who take chorus recommend that if  a student loves to perform, would like to travel and compete in new places, and would love an easy way to meet many people, they should audition for chorus next May. If students have a couple of spare weekends, they shouldn’t forget to go out and support VAHS chorus for their Spring and Fall choral show. F

inally, don’t forget to stop by Mrs. Hobgood or Ms. Dean’s rooms to get more information later in the year on auditioning and being a member of the Lights at Voyager.